The term Jagannath can be elucidated as nath (Lord or bearer) of Jagath (expression of the corporeal and ethereal existences with two invincible phases, creation and destruction). Jagannath temple is in Puri.
The above murthy called Jagannath, is fabricated digitally based on ancient scriptures and “Kudya chitras”. This is divine form of Jagannath from former times of Puri temple. Later this form modified into present Jagannath form.
The former form is a symbol of Paramatma, the supreme soul, which is omnipotence.
Each part of it epitomizes as follows:
1. Ashta dalas, the eight petals that surround chakra represent eight directions, the primeval door ways for the expansion of creation.
2. Seven stepped Gopuram on top represents seven chakras.
3. Above the Gopuram from sixth step is representation of “Self”.
4. Namam- dvandva ateetam, beyond duality.
5. Hamsa- The swan, symbol of breathe.
6. Right wing- surya, pingla nadi in Swara Sastra and its raise upsides represents develop the buddhi the positive aspect of Mind.
7. left wing – chandra ida nadi and its declined position explains to reduce chittam, the negative quality of mind. And Ida and pingla are like two eyes of breath.
8.The three feathers above head represent Triguna ateetam.
9. Tail- Four large feathers represent Chatur maha vedas and small feathers represent upavedas
10. The right leg holds chakra. It means Chakra Dhari, who is beyond the chakra (cycles) of Kala and Jataka. And left leg – holds Sankam, the shell represents breath.
11. Symbols on stomach (from top to bottom)
jeeva or self, 18 petals represent jeeva branthi, 3 layers of ahamkara and Vyakta or creation.